Open Source

On this page:-

  1. My favourite FREE software
  2. Reasons for Open source – save human capital
  3. Competition locks the best ideas behind patents
  4. Arrogant upgrades waste time and money
  5. The answer is FOSS (Free Open Source Software)
  6. It’s slowly happening

1. My favourite FREE software

The software I’m recommending here is FOSS (Free Open Source Software) that should run on Mac and Windows and Linux.


Operating System 

Instead of Microsoft Windows or Apple Mac use Linux Mint.
(Note: professional graphic designers need Adobe which works on Apple or Windows, not Linux. Hobby designers can use the non-Adobe alternatives below. For work reasons I’m staying with Windows myself but I loved my brief time with Linux Mint.)

Internet Browser

Instead of Chrome or Edge use Firefox or Brave

Office Suite

Instead of Microsoft Office use Libre Office (which is being used by local governments around the world) or Google Docs or see this list of  7 alternatives. (Also, instead of Adobe Reader you can use LibreOffice to edit PDF’s.)

Email software

I’ve gone 100% cloud and access all my email via a browser, but if you must use email software on your desktop, try Mailspring or Thunderbird.

Notes app

Instead of Evernote or Onenote or Notion, use Joplin. Why? You’ll need to host it at a cloud service for syncing, like Onedrive or Dropbox or WebDav or Nextcloud (Nextcloud is self-hosted cloud storage). The best thing about this? You can lock into this software for good as the Open Source crowd are not going anywhere – and you can make noise on the forums about what you want. Open Source are more community focused than some of the other names out there like Evernote, Onenote or Notion. Sure some of these are powerful apps: but what if they go bankrupt and / or make decisions you really hate? Joplin software is free, and you probably already have some cloud storage or other.

Mind-mapping: (Thoughts that branch out from the centre) Freeplane

E-book management: Calibre


Graphic Design: Instead of Quark or Adobe Indesign use Scribus

Photo editing: Instead of Photoshop use Gimp. You can also load PhotoGimp plugin to make Gimp look more like Photoshop. (Gimp edits in RGB which is great for the internet but not as accurate as CMYK for print. CMYK is coming soon to Gimp. In the meantime, Professional designers will need Adobe Photoshop.)

Photo Management and library: instead of Mac’s or Lightroom, use digiKam

What about digital art drawing? Try Krita!

Vector line drawing: Instead of Illustrator use Inkscape

3d Modelling: Use Freecad or Blender

Small office websites? Replace web design packages for smaller home business websites with WordPress or Squarespace or these days just start your own Facebook page.

Gaming on Linux: use Lutris


Media Player: Instead of iTunes use MPV

Transcoding media (EG: from one type of sound file to another) Handbrake

Audio mixing and podcasting: Audacity

Music mixing: LMMS or more advanced try Ardour

Video Editing: Kden Live for true open source. Or if you don’t mind a free version of closed but Commercial software – try Da Vinci Resolve. Note: Da Vinci does not offer 4k video editing for free.

Compositing: Like Adobe After Effects: move that 3d Image made in Blender into a live action video in Natron.

Music archives: instead of iTunes / Spotify, if you have all your own CD’s and want to load them into something use Strawberry Music Player.

For anything else, just google “open source alternative to…” the software you want to replace, and see what comes up. Also see the following wikis.
Business Models for Open Source software

Open Source Economics
Desktop Linux

2. Reasons for Open source – save human capital

Imagine growing up reading one language and then suddenly having to move to another country and learn a related, but significantly different, language. That’s how I felt when I moved from Mac to Windows. The basic concepts are there, but everything is in a different place, looks and feels different, and it takes quite a while to adjust. You try to run a spreadsheet but the commands all over the shop, even though you are trying to do the same thing the same way! It feels like you have moved to another country where you do not speak the language. You cannot even find basic things like the toilet without embarrassing yourself!

This lost productivity is wasted human capital. We build public infrastructure like roads and rail and bridges to certain national and international standards, with the public good in mind. Having different flavours of computer running the same functions in totally different ways is like forcing people to learn how to drive all over again just because they move from a Toyota to a Hyundai. Green is stop, Red is go. Imagine it?

Why not build a single software culture that slowly evolves and changes, with everyone being brought up to speed together? A culture is a body of learned knowledge. We throw that away every time we force people to switch from one platform to another. Not only that but there are no standards in electronic goods like smart phones or Personal Video Recorders and TV controls. Maybe it’s my army background where we did everything the same way and everything was ‘squared away’, but I like standards! If we had global software standards I would not have faced a learning cliff moving from Mac to PC when I changed jobs a few years back.

3. Competition locks the best ideas behind patents

For example, I love the Windows autosize function. You drag a window off to the left of the screen, and the moment the cursor hits the edge that whole window  resizes to fill the left half of the screen! Swipe left, swipe right, and you’ve got 2 documents side by side to compare. It’s easier than the old dropping and dragging and resizing of each corner we have to do in mac. Windows did this without adding a new command or function button on the keyboard or tinkering with the mouse. It’s a new idea out of stuff we already have: a mouse, a window, and the edge of the screen. But it’s patented. Microsoft Windows owns this. Apple’s not allowed to do it. Competition has forever locked this idea behind patent laws.

4. Arrogant upgrades waste time and money

I love progress. Microsoft Office have done some good things with their recent updates: and researched the functions people use the most and placed them grouped together logically in nice big tabs that are easier to click on and select than it was to pan down through the old menus and sub-menus of their old office software. That’s all good. Except that they deleted these old menus! They refused to give the public a classic mode option. People are busy. Changing software for the sake of change, and without giving people a classic mode to work in, wastes time and money. People suddenly don’t know how to do basic stuff.

As the old joke goes,

12. Every time GM introduced a new model, car buyers would have to learn how to drive all over again because none of the controls would operate in the same manner as the old car.

It wastes ‘human capital’, that resource of workers that suddenly requires a few weeks (or months!) to re-learn old, basic habits about where to click to get stuff done. Slower, gentler, user-sensitive upgrades make more sense across the business world when thinking about the sheer human capital lost in a sudden and arbitrary change!

5. I think the future could be open source or FOSS (Free Open Source Software)

This is why I love the Open Source community. Basically, I wish a mix of corporations and governments would fund the best universally free software the world has ever seen. They would run according to ISO principles (International Standards Organisation), and would open up the code for Apple and Microsoft and see what’s under the hood. They would get the best creative minds, educational experts, learning psychologists, software engineers and put them all in the same organisation to develop software for the public good! We’ve moved beyond the Cold War between old DOS systems verses Graphic User Interfaces. We all want software that’s easy and logical and beautiful.

We all use computers now. Software should be viewed as a public asset, like roads and bridges and clean water and fresh air! When someone comes up with a great new idea for navigating around computers, it should belong not to a corporation, but to the whole human race. All should benefit! And while Windows and Mac loyalists alike will cringe at the idea, it makes sense to move forward together. At some stage you learned the weirdness that is Mac or Windows. Take it from me, one seems weird to the other! My son, a PC gamer, recently complained how weird Mac seemed to him. He cannot help me in Mac, and I can only partially help him in Windows. (Windows still seems a little different to me). If we had International Standards, we’d all be able to help each other. Software would be a world standard, a public utility, a common conversation, a global art form and development project!

With the best people and ideas from both Google and Mac and Windows rolled into the one ISO, the software would be beautiful, easy, and consistent. It would be Free Open Source Software, and encourage compatibility across the globe.

Being free, it would encourage people to download the latest standards. I’m sick of hearing about certain files not being compatible with another business because they have not spent the money to upgrading their software.

Development would be more democratic, where enthusiasts could log in to the Open Source discussion boards and suggest new ideas. Major overhauls like the Ribbon, for example, could be voted on by community members with enough ‘standing’ (however that system works).

Money could still be made by IT professionals working within this ISO, however it is actually funded. I’m imagining a partially government funded ISO with online advertising backing. Like the United Nations meets Google.

Software would be so ubiquitous, such a publicly owned asset, that changes in common Operating Systems or Office software would be a matter of the nightly news the way the weather is today. A 60 second news item would announce any tinkering with the software, with encouragements to head off to the web-tutorials.

6. It’s slowly happening

The public sector in some countries is starting to move. This effect could gradually convince more governments around the world that Open Source standards are a good thing! Russia have mandated that all public computers run exclusively Open Source software by 2015. Why can’t we? I guess because we have an ideology of the ‘free market’ and a resulting paranoia that one set of software would create a monopoly. But that’s assuming we buy the software itself! If all software were free and open then there’s nothing to worry about. Big Business users with huge networks would still pay IT companies for support. IBM offers support for Open Office.

It can’t be long before the downfall of monopolies like Microsoft and Mac. They have already had their Cold War. Their software ‘arms race’ created fantastic innovations that created the desktop, laptop, netbook, smart phone and iPad. But it is time to standardise while keeping the creativity. It is time to end the division. It is time to grab the best of everything and the best ideas from everywhere and make it a free, open, public asset for the world to use. It is time to get this right, and invite everyone to join a new global discussion and culture.

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